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D.A. Pennebaker
Writing Credits:

Not Rated.

3-Disc set
Standard 1.33:1
English Dolby Digital 5.1
English DTS 5.1
English Dolby Stereo
Not closed-captioned

Runtime: 79 min.
Price: $79.95
Release Date: 11/12/2002

Disc One:
• Audio Commentary With Filmmaker D.A. Pennebaker and Festival Producer Lou Adler
• Interview with D.A. Pennebaker and Lou Adler
• Audio Interviews with Performers John Phillips, Cass Elliot and David Crosby and Festival Promoter Derek Taylor
• Photo Essay by Photographer Elaine Mayes
• Trailer
• Festival Program
• Radio Spots
• The Remix

Disc Two:
Jimi Plays Monterey, with Optional Audio Commentary from Music Critic Charles Shaar Murray
• Additional Commentary Excerpts
• Trailer
• Video Excerpt: Pete Townshend on Monterey and Jimi Hendrix
Shake! Otis at Monterey, with Optional Audio Commentary from Music Critic Peter Guralnick
• Interview with Phil Walden, Otis Redding’s Manager from 1959 to 1967

Disc Three:
Monterey Pop: The Outtake Performances

• 64-page Booklet


Search Products:

Sony 36" WEGA KV-36FS12 Monitor; Sony DA333ES Processor/Receiver; Panasonic CV-50 DVD Player using component outputs; Michael Green Revolution Cinema 6i Speakers (all five); Sony SA-WM40 Subwoofer.


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The Complete Monterey Pop Festival: Criterion (1968)

Reviewed by Colin Jacobson

It may not be the most famous, it may not have been the best, but the June 1967 Monterey International Pop Festival got there first. Actually, I can’t state with absolutely certainly that it offered the first-ever rock festival, but even if something else beat it, Monterey single-handedly popularized the genre. The three-day concert symbolized the “Summer of Love” and essentially launched the careers of performers like Jimi Hendrix, Otis Redding and Janis Joplin.

Part of the spark behind that came from Monterey Pop, D.A. Pennebaker’s documentary look at the festival. Clearly this film helped make the concert famous three and a half decades after the fact. With this Criterion release of The Complete Monterey Pop, we get more rock than previously seen.

The movie doesn’t really follow any form of theme or progression. At the start of Pop, we hear from a drippy “love-in” girl and also see some preparatory work. We watch the area get set up and also hear from a few of the folks involved such as organizer John Phillips and the cops.

However, Pop mostly focuses on the music. We start with Phillips’ band, the Mamas and the Papas. They crank through their biggest hit, “California Dreaming”, and then we launch into “Rollin’ and Tumblin’” by Canned Heat. From there, the music continues virtually unabated through the film-ending rendition of “Raga Bhimpalasi” by Ravi Shankar.

Inevitably, any compilation program like this provides distinct highs and lows, and those will clearly be influenced by the personal preferences of the observer. For the most part, my favorite and least favorite moments fell along the lines I expected, though a few surprises occurred.

Of all the acts involved, I only feel a strong affection for the Who. I own no music by any of the others, and I’ve never seen any of them live. Their rendition of “My Generation” works fairly well. I wasn’t wild about Pennebaker’s editorial choices here, as we saw far too much of Keith Moon. I can understand the fascination with the manic drummer, but this emphasis made the experience seem unbalanced. As usual, poor John Entwistle – always the dullest visual element of the Who – didn’t receive any attention at all.

Despite my fondness for the Who, I didn’t think “My Generation” offered the movie’s most memorable moment. That honor probably went to Jimi Hendrix and his rendition of the Troggs’ “Wild Thing”. A true star-making moment, Hendrix pulled out all the stops for this grinding track, and though his guitar burning felt like little more than a gratuitous attempt to top Pete Townshend’s guitar smashing – which it was – the performance still seemed impressive.

Otis Redding also fared well. We only got a snippet of “Shake”, but we then saw a full rendition of “I’ve Been Loving You Too Long”. Always one of Redding’s best songs, “Long” benefited from the live treatment. Redding sounded a little off-key at the start, but he quickly recovered and offered a sterling performance of the tune.

The fact I liked the Hendrix and Redding tracks didn’t come as a great surprise. While I can’t call myself a fan of either artist, I maintained no dislike for either of them. On the other hand, the roster of artists included a few of whom I normally think little, which made a couple of their performances come as pleasant surprises.

The best of that bunch was the Mamas and the Papas’ “California Dreaming”. I’ve never cared for the “California sound” of the Sixties, and “Dreaming” always seemed soft and mushy to me. However, the live version provided a surprisingly muscular rendition that actually rocked at times. It didn’t change my mind about the band, especially since their later performance of the wimpy “Got a Feeling” sapped some of my positive feelings, but I still rather liked the live “Dreaming”.

While I didn’t care for it quite as much, I also found myself surprisingly impressed by Big Brother and the Holding Company’s “Ball and Chain”. I’ve always thought that Janis Joplin was tremendously overrated, and her vocal histrionics here did little for me. However, the track rocked pretty well, and Joplin didn’t annoy me too much.

The remaining tracks on Pop ranged from acceptable to bad. The Animals’ version of “Paint It Black” seemed odd but strangely effective as well, and I can’t help but think the violin bit at its start influenced the Who’s “Baba O’Riley”. I maintain generally neutral feelings toward Simon and Garfunkel, but I actively loathe “The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy)”. The Pop rendition of “California Dreaming” opened my mind somewhat, but no similar revelations stemmed from “Groovy”. It remained as annoying as ever.

Speaking of irritating, Jefferson Airplane vocalist Marty Balin offered a very grating voice, and I had to suffer through him during two songs: “High Flyin’ Bird” and “Today”. The latter seemed less irksome, but “Bird” really got on my nerves, mostly due to Balin’s singing.

Hugh Masakela and Ravi Shankar did nothing for me, but I chalked that up to taste; I simply don’t care for their styles of music. Note that Shanker’s “Bhimpalasi” went on for a very long time. The track lasted over 18 minutes, which meant it accounted for nearly a fourth of the movie! “Rollin’ and Tumblin’” by Canned Heat left virtually no impression on me, whereas Country Joe and the Fish’s “Section 43” sounded like meandering and boring tripe.

Pennebaker created a somewhat unusual document with Pop. The film featured a fairly relentless pace, as Pennebaker cut quickly from song to song most of the time. Though this occasionally created some awkward intersections – Hendrix’ “Wild Thing” did not flow well into the Mamas and the Papas’ “Got a Feeling” – but I usually felt that the pace worked well, as it moved the project briskly and blended the disparate styles effectively.

A few flaws appeared, though. At times, Pennebaker cut away from the stage excessively. For example, during “Paint It Black”, we saw way too much of the crowd as the roamed around and ate. The same happened during Shankar’s track, but given the length of that number, the choices seemed more acceptable. Some of these decisions may have been forced on Pennebaker for practical reasons. As we learned during the DVD’s supplements, a few technical concerns meant that a lot of songs were affected, so Pennebaker may have left the stage at times simply because he didn’t have the footage to cover it.

One odd aspect of Pop related to the way it depicted the crowd’s size. Based on a viewing of this movie, you might think that only a few hundred people attended the festival. Instead, it apparently attracted around 200,000 folks. I never got a feeling for this at all, as it consistently seemed like only a sparse crowd came to town.

Despite these various issues, I thought that Monterey Pop offered an effective concert film. Frankly, I didn’t look forward to my screening of the movie. Although I’ve been a huge rock fan forever, Pop featured few artists who I like, so I didn’t think I’d enjoy it. However, the combination of relentless pacing and a few surprisingly solid performances made it a winner.

The DVD Grades: Picture B- / Audio B+ (DTS), B (DD)/ Bonus A+

Monterey Pop appears in an aspect ratio of 1.33:1 on this single-sided, double-layered DVD; due to those dimensions, the image has not been enhanced for 16X9 televisions. During the frightfully ugly opening credit sequence, I feared the worst for the picture quality, but happily, the rest of the film presented much stronger visuals.

One must always keep in mind the source material, since Pop clearly was shot under rough conditions with less than stellar equipment. However, the footage still held up quite well and looked better than I expected given those limitations. Sharpness generally seemed quite positive. Most of the moments that came across as ill defined did so due to the source material. Clearly a fair number of shots suffered from poor focus that came with the “on the fly” nature of the photography. Nonetheless, most of the movie looked solid, as the image usually appeared reasonably crisp and accurate.

Jagged edges and moiré effects created no concerns, and I also noticed no signs of edge enhancement. As one might expect, print flaws caused a few problems, but these also remained reasonably minimal. Light grain cropped up at times, and I also saw a mix of additional issues. For example, some dirt appeared at the bottom of the screen during chapter four, and I also noticed some hairs at the edges occasionally. During Hendrix’ “Wild Thing”, what looked like a large hair cropped up in the middle of the screen. Due to the darkness of the shot, I found it tough to make out exactly what caused this dancing line, but it offered a moderate distraction. Ultimately, the film suffered from a mix of modest concerns, but these still remained well within the limits of acceptability given the age of the material.

Another area affected by the cheapness of the film stock utilized, the colors varied. Much of the time they worked quite well, and they often seemed fairly lively. For example, Hendrix’ yellow shirt looked nicely vibrant and vivid. However, at times I felt the hues seemed somewhat runny and messy. Colored lighted caused a few of those issues.

Black levels also suffered slightly from film stock concerns. Those tones came across as acceptably deep much of the time, but they occasionally seemed a bit inky. Shadow detail looked appropriately clear during most of the movie. Low-light shots displayed modest thickness, but I experienced no significant issues in that regard. Ultimately, Criterion created a very nice transfer for Monterey Pop. It showed a general flatness typical of this sort of project, but within those boundaries it looked quite good.

Monterey Pop boasts both Dolby Digital 5.1 and DTS 5.1 soundtracks in addition to the original stereo mix. I screened the two 5.1 versions and found both to seem quite satisfying. However, the DTS mix worked best. I’ll cover my reactions to it first and then detail the ways I felt the Dolby track differed.

As one might expect from a concert presentation, Pop featured an emphasis on the forward channels, and an emphasis on vocals made the soundfield seem fairly centered much of the time. Nonetheless, the track offered reasonably good spread across the front speakers. Instruments seemed appropriately delineated and they blended together well. The surrounds contributed some general reinforcement and ambient elements, but the front definitely dominated the proceedings. Essentially, Pop offered a stereo mix along with some crowd noise in the rears.

Audio quality varied from track to track but usually sounded positive. Vocals came across as quite natural and distinct much of the time. Singing occasionally betrayed some edginess, but for the most part, those elements appeared warm and crisp. Instrumentation generally appeared accurate and well defined. Highs seemed bright and lively, and bass response usually came across as nicely deep and rich. The movie started well in this regard, but “Rollin’ and Tumblin’” and “Bajabula Bonke (Healing Song)” seemed somewhat thin and distant to a degree.

However, the audio rebounded with the Airplane’s songs, and the mix usually remained solid after that. I noticed a little hiss at times; that seemed most prominent during Simon and Garfunkel’s number. Otherwise, the audio appeared clean and without significant flaws.

So how did the Dolby Digital track differ from the DTS one? While they both displayed similar soundfields, I felt the DTS mix featured greater dynamic response. Bass sounded stronger and the DTS version offered greater clarity across the board. It seemed better delineated and defined and was airier in general. To be sure, the Dolby track also worked quite well, but the DTS one provided the superior listening experience.

Criterion’s three-DVD release of Monterey Pop packs scads of extras. On DVD One, we start with an audio commentary from director D.A. Pennebaker and festival producer Lou Adler. Both of them sit together for this terrific running, screen-specific track. They go over a nice mix of subjects. We learn of specific film-related issues as well as lots of notes about the performers, the era, and the festival itself. They fill the time well; a few spaces occur during Ravi Shankar’s extended song, but otherwise we need to endure few blank bits. Pennebaker and Adler give us a very entertaining and informative piece that definitely merits a listen.

For more information from that pair, we move to the Adler and Pennebaker Interview. Though this 29-minute and 21-second program probably should seem redundant after their commentary, happily, it consists mostly of new material. Unlike the audio commentary, Adler dominates this program. We learn more nuts and bolts about the creation and execution of the festival as well as issues related to the acts and the film itself. The interview provides more engaging notes that should interest fans.

The “Scrapbook” splits into two areas. Elaine Mayes Photographs offers a quick “Bio” of the photographer as well as a “Photo Gallery”. This divides into the three different days of the festival to show the performers, and it also includes a collection of audience shots. The stillframe section includes a total of 153 photos.

In addition, these pictures can be seen in a “Photo Essay”. This films the images and also provides commentary from photographer Mayes. The piece lasts 12 minutes and 14 seconds. Mayes’ remarks cover the reasons she got into photography, her impressions of the festival and some of the participants, the technical choices she made, and her favorites from the show. The photos reflect her remarks and come appropriately timed that way. Mayes’ statements seem compelling and useful and they add to the experience.

Also in the “Scrapbook” we get a replication of the Festival Program. This stillframe piece shows two pages per screen and also offers a “text” option. The latter enlarges the print when necessary. The program looks exactly like I expected – ie, dippy and silly – but this still seems like a cool extra.

Next we find a collection of Audio Interviews. Recorded on various occasions in the years after the festival, we hear from John Phillips, Cass Elliott, David Crosby, and festival publicist Derek Taylor. Most of the interviews seem to come from the mid-Eighties, though clearly Elliott’s were recorded much earlier since she died in 1974. All four offer some good notes, and they usually follow somewhat similar topics. We hear about each person’s involvement in the festival, and they also go over general impressions of Monterey Pop as well as some specific comments about a few different acts. Only Taylor’s segment starts to get a little tiresome; it’s the longest, and he’s the most tedious speaker. Nonetheless, these clips generally work well, especially when Elliot and Phillips offer their not-so-pleasant thoughts about Woodstock. (Normally I offer the amount of time this kind of material fills, but none of my players displayed that information, and I forgot to keep track while I listened to it. However, I’d estimate these segments fill at least 90 minutes; they seem quite extensive.)

In addition to the film’s very psychedelic theatrical trailer, DVD One includes five radio spots. These are organized via the music of different participants. Two promote Janis Joplin, while the others feature Jimi Hendrix, the Mamas and the Papas, and Otis Redding, respectively. Finally, the first disc discusses The Remix. We find a “bio” for music remixer Eddie Kramer, and he also offers text that relates the work he performed for the new mixes.

As we move to DVD Two, we find two main programs, and the additional supplements relate to both of those. Jimi Plays Monterey lasts 48 minutes, 53 seconds and purports to offer Hendrix’ entire set from Monterey. This seems slightly deceptive. While the program includes all of Hendrix’ music from the set, technical issues meant that film footage doesn’t exist for all of his songs. As such, we get audio-only for “Can You See Me?” and “Purple Haze”.

Jimi starts with some rough footage of Hendrix at a late 1967 concert in London, where he plays “Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band” and a little of “Wild Thing”. We also hear some comments from John Phillips, as he tells us a little about Hendrix’ early career and a few other issues. Eventually, this leads us to Hendrix’ Monterey performance. It starts with an introduction from Rolling Stone Brian Jones and then goes to the music at the 11-minute and 50-second marl. Hendrix plays “Killing Floor”, “Foxy Lady”, ‘Like a Rolling Stone”, ‘Rock Me Baby”, “Hey Joe”, “The Wind Cries Mary”, and “Wild Thing”.

Jimi presents its material well. The opening segments offer good perspective, and then we launch into uninterrupted music. Audio and video quality appear identical to the main film. Overall, Jimi offers a fine experience.

Jimi Plays Monterey includes an audio commentary from music critic and historian Charles Shaar Murray, who gives us a running, screen-specific piece. Murray provides an enthusiastic presence as he tells us about the particular songs performed by Hendrix as well as information about the guitarist’s career and other issues related to that topic. Murray tosses in his two cents about Hendrix, which lets his fanboy side come out for us. The latter element appears a little too often; I appreciate Murray’s passion, but I’d rather hear more facts instead of just praise. Still, Murray offers a good basic chat about Hendrix.

Also found in the “Commentary” section of DVD Two, Additional Audio Excerpts includes more material from Murray. He provides about 45 minutes of information as he covers many different facets of Hendrix’ career. Murray charts Jimi’s early days and his path to success as well as technical elements of his guitar playing, the role his race manifested, his interactions with other major artists – particularly the Who – and a few other topics. Murray seems polished and well-informed as he provides a lot of excellent notes about Hendrix.

In addition to the trailer for Jimi, we get Pete Townshend, a four-minute, 35-second interview with the Who leader. Conducted for VH1, Townshend covers his memories of Hendrix and the festival. As usual, Townshend proves frank and witty, which makes me wish the interview lasted longer. (Note that the DVD claims this interview was shot in 1987, but based on Pete’s appearance, that’s clearly not accurate; I assume this is a typo and they meant 1997 instead, since Pete didn’t look nearly that old back in 1987.)

The other main component of DVD Two, Shake! Otis at Monterey features Redding’s complete set from Monterey. This lasts 18 minutes, 58 seconds and includes five full songs: “Shake”, “Respect”, “I’ve Been Loving You Too Long”, “(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction”, and “Try a Little Tenderness”. Unlike the historical notes offered at the start of Jimi, Otis provides no extraneous material. It launches with an introduction from Tommy Smothers and then heads right into Redding’s set. Picture and sound again replicate those for the main movie, and Otis offers a nice program.

Shake! provides two separate audio commentaries, both from music historian Peter Guralnick. On the first, he discusses the songs Redding performed, while during the second, he goes over Otis’ career and different aspects of it. Both tracks are running and screen-specific when appropriate. Though Guralnick lacks the enthusiasm of Murray, he displays obvious affection for the music, and he gives us a nice sense of Redding and his work. Guralnick provides generally compelling and informative material that helps the viewer get a better understanding of Redding, so both commentaries warrant your attention.

In addition to these commentaries, the Shake! section of the disc includes an interview with former Redding manager Phil Walden. This program lasts 18 minutes and 44 seconds and goes over a number of topics. Walden starts with his childhood interest in R&B and then covers how he got involved in the music business, how he met up with Redding, Otis’ recording career, how he was recruited for Monterey, his experiences at the festival, and Redding’s experiences after that. Walden proves lively and charming as he relates a lot of compelling information about Redding and his own life and career.

As we finally get to DVD Three, we find an extensive collection of The Outtake Performances. This includes songs from The Association, Big Brother and the Holding Company, The Blues Project, Buffalo Springfield, The Paul Butterfield Blues Band, The Byrds, Country Joe and the Fish, The Electric Flag, Jefferson Airplane, Al Kooper, the Mamas and the Papas, Scott McKenzie, Laura Nyro, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Simon and Garfunkel, and The Who. If you watch these all together via the “Play All” option, you’ll find 112 minutes and 20 seconds of footage.

As I checked out this material, I quickly realized why much of it failed to make the final cut of Pop: most of it seems pretty weak. Actually, a lot of the music simply comes across as mediocre, and I’m sure some of the tunes failed to show up in Pop simply because Pennebaker usually chose to use only one number per act. This meant that the extra filmed numbers from Simon and Garfunkel, Big Brother, Country Joe and the Fish, and the Who hit the cutting room floor. (Both Jefferson Airplane and Mamas and Papas got two songs in the finished flick, but they still added more cut material here.)

Of all the material here, only the three tracks from the Who – “Substitute”, “Summertime Blues” and “A Quick One (While He’s Away)” – seem more than moderately interesting. Actually, even more so than the main film, the presentation of the outtakes demonstrates what an impact the Who must have made on the crowd. After lots of fairly gentle and mild music, they erupted on stage with a tremendous aggressiveness absent from their predecessors. The band didn’t offer the greatest renditions of these three tracks – “A Quick One” appears particularly sloppy – but they still give us the easily the best material of the outtakes.

The competition for crummiest outtakes performance also is an easy choice. While quite a few bad numbers appear – such as mind-numbing tripe from McKenzie and Butterfield as well as a terrible Mamas and Papas take on the Beatles’ “I Call Your Name” – by far the worst track comes from the Blues Project. The DVD presents all 10-plus minutes of the meandering and indulgent “The Flute Thing”. If you ever want to show someone the worst aspects of Sixties rock, fire up “The Flute Thing” – it doesn’t get any worse than this.

Or does it? Not a performer in the main festival, Tiny Tim played its “green room”, and Pennebaker captured about 10 and a half minutes of his work. He wasted his film. Most folks remember Tim as a novelty act, and you’ll find nothing to dispute that notion here. While the festival itself included some bad music, nothing can prepare you for the horrors of Tiny Tim. Was he the most annoying and untalented “musician” ever? Possibly.

If you check out the “Artists Index” area of DVD Three, you’ll find alternate presentations of some material. In addition to short text about all of the artists featured in the outtakes area, both Big Brother’s “Combination of the Two” and the Who’s “A Quick One (While He’s Away)” appear with 5.1 mixes. Paul Butterfield’s “Driftin’ Blues” also shows up in an audio-only version that lengthens the filmed edit.

Some have quibbled with the title of this DVD set. The Complete Monterey doesn’t even remotely include all the music played at the festival. However, it does appear to present most everything that was filmed. As noted during some of the other supplements, many factors affected the shooting of the show, so quite a lot of numbers fell by the wayside.

The package finishes with a 64-page Monterey Pop Scrapbook. A very cool document, this piece seems very useful. From the Beatles’ greeting on the front cover to the band arrangement – complete with misspellings - on the back, the scrapbook presents lots of great material. We get a July 2002 statement from Pennebaker – who tries to explain all of the absent music – as well as a long 1967 report on the festival from Michael Lydon. Another contemporaneous report comes from Rolling Stone founder Jann Wenner, while Barney Hoskyns discuss the divide between acts from LA and San Francisco. Film critic Armond White specifically chats about Monterey Pop the film, and we then finish with credits that list all of the performers, the filmmakers, and the DVD production staff. It’s an excellent text package.

And The Complete Monterey Pop Festival provided a terrific look at the legendary event. The original movie itself works surprisingly well. Despite my neutral or antagonistic stance toward most of the acts on the bill, I rather enjoyed the film and thought it nicely captured the event. The DVD makes it look and sound better than ever, while the set includes a simply outstanding roster of extras; Monterey Pop may be the strongest package of supplements ever created by Criterion. With a list price of almost $80, Pop doesn’t come cheaply, but for fans of the festival and the artists, it seems well worth the money.

Viewer Film Ratings: 4.3636 Stars Number of Votes: 33
4 3:
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