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Richard Linklater
Jason London, Rory Cochrane, Wiley Wiggins, Sasha Jenson, Michelle Burke, Adam Goldberg, Anthony Rapp, Ben Affleck, Matthew McConaughey, Parker Posey
Writing Credits:
Richard Linklater

1976 was a time they'd never forget ... If only they could remember ...

This critically acclaimed cult favorite written and directed by Richard Linklater (School Of Rock), explores the last day of school - and one wild night - in the lives of high school students in 1976. Complete with bongs and bell bottoms, macramé and mood rings, and featuring classic rock music by Aerosmith, Black Sabbath, and KISS, this superb ensemble cast of up-and-comers (Ben Affleck, Matthew McConaughey, Parker Posey and Jason London) delivers an enduring film that Rolling Stone called "spectacularly funny!" 1976 was a time they'd never forget ... if only they could remember ...

Box Office:
Domestic Gross
$7.993 million.

Rated R

Widescreen 1.85:1/16x9
English Dolby Digital 5.1
English DTS 5.1

Runtime: 103 min.
Price: $39.95
Release Date: 6/6/2006


Disc One
• Audio Commentary with Director Richard Linklater
• 17 Deleted Scenes
• Trailer
Disc Two
• “Making Dazed” Documentary
• Auditions
• Character Interviews
• Cast and Director Interviews
• Behind the Scenes Footage

• 72-Page Book
• Poster


Sony 36" WEGA KV-36FS12 Monitor; Sony DA333ES Processor/Receiver; Panasonic CV-50 DVD Player using component outputs; Michael Green Revolution Cinema 6i Speakers (all five); Sony SA-WM40 Subwoofer.


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Dazed And Confused: Criterion Collection (1993)

Reviewed by Colin Jacobson (May 16, 2006)

With his debut Slacker in 1991, director Richard Linklater looked at unambitious youngsters in then-modern Texas. 1993’s Dazed and Confused jumps back to his youth with a glimpse of high school life in the Seventies.

Set on the “last day of school” on May 28, 1976, we meet the students of Lee High School. The film spreads a broad net and involves many participants. However, a main focus becomes a declaration the football coach wants the players to sign. On it, they promise not to drink or use drugs. Most of the kids agree but plan to violate it immediately. Star quarterback Randy “Pink” Floyd (Jason London) resists. He doesn’t think it’s appropriate so he struggles with whether to sign it or to quit football.

Much of the film’s action revolves around the institutionalized abuse of the rising freshmen. The kids who will be seniors the next year haze and wallop the kids who will migrate over from the middle school. When big sister Jodi (Michelle Burke) asks the boys to take it easy on her younger brother Mitch (Wiley Wiggins), the rising freshman finds a big target on his back. The seniors plan to give him special abuse when they catch him, but Mitch and his friends manage to give the boys the slip for a while. The older kids eventually paddle Mitch, so to make up for it, Pink befriends him and invites the younger boy to hang out with him and the others.

On the female side, we meet rising freshman Sabrina (Christin Hinojosa). Darla (Parker Posey) abuses her, and as part of the ritual, she needs to “propose” to a senior boy. She gets stuck with semi-nerdy Tony (Anthony Rapp), and some romantic sparks ignite.

The kids all plan to head to a party at Kevin’s (Shawn Andrews) because his parents will go out of town. However, they find out about this before they leave, so they cancel their plans. This scuttles the bash and forces the kids to improvise.

The rest of the movie follows all of their shenanigans. Mostly this means we get interactions and bonding among the various parties. I suppose Dazed could offer less of a plot, but it’d be tough to do. Yeah, it gets into Pink’s dilemma, but otherwise interpersonal situations dominate. Heck, Linklater even admits the football declaration is nothing more than a MacGuffin. Whether romantic, antagonistic, or otherwise, the film mainly concentrates on the interactions of the characters and their activities.

This could have made the movie unfocused or meandering, but instead, it allows Dazed to feel real. Really, the lack of plot helps create a believable impression. The portrayals ring true, whereas if the flick tacked on some sort of superficial plot, it’d have been less convincing.

I also like that Dazed largely avoids the usual “coming of age” claptrap. Again, Pink’s dilemma causes some themes in that area, and the movie shambles to a conclusion as he confronts his choice. Those are the weakest parts of the film, as they feel forced and artificial. I got the feeling Linklater didn’t quite know how to finish the tale, so he shoved in Pink’s choice and let that cap matters. It doesn’t work, and it feels disconnected from the rest of the story.

Dazed and Confused works best when it just acts like a slice of life. We get a fun look at a certain period of time as well as the activities and concerns of teens. The movie presents a serious American Graffiti vibe, just set in a different era. Its appropriate looseness works for it and makes it a lively, amusing snapshot.

The DVD Grades: Picture B+/ Audio B/ Bonus A

Dazed and Confused appears in an aspect ratio of approximately 1.85:1 on this single-sided, double-layered DVD; the image has been enhanced for 16X9 televisions. Although it lacked the consistency to merit “A”-level consideration, the transfer usually looked quite good.

No real problems with sharpness occurred. A couple of minor instances of softness popped up, but they went by quickly and caused no issues. Instead, the movie mostly was accurate and concise. I saw no concerns with jagged edges or shimmering, and only minor edge enhancement appeared. Print flaws weren’t a distraction. I noticed a couple of specks and one small streak but no other defects marred the presentation.

Dazed went with a pretty natural palette, though with a moderately garish Seventies tone. The DVD replicated the tones well. The colors were consistently lively and fresh, with only a little runniness at times. Blacks were dense and firm, while shadows seemed concise and well developed. This positive presentation merited a “B+”.

The soundtracks of Dazed and Confused were also solid. The movie featured both Dolby Digital 5.1 and DTS 5.1 mixes. I noticed little to differentiate the pair, as both offered very similar audio.

Given the film’s budget and scope, I didn’t expect much from the soundfields, and they developed along anticipated lines. The front speakers heavily dominated, and music played the most important role up there. The film used period songs almost constantly, and they showed good stereo delineation. Effects mostly stayed in the realm of general ambience, as they offered a nice feeling of place and setting. Occasionally we got a little more than that, such as during the mailbox destruction scene, but usually we stayed with modest environmental material. The surrounds lightly supported those elements and that was about it.

Audio quality was fine. Dialogue consistently came across as natural and distinctive, with no signs of edginess or problems connected to intelligibility. Effects appeared accurate and crisp. They didn’t often tax things, but they were clean. Music varied dependent on the source. Some songs appeared vibrant and lively, while some others seemed somewhat muddy and flat. The majority of the tunes appeared well defined, though. Overall, the tracks weren’t scintillating but they functioned fine for this style of movie.

How did the picture and sound of this Criterion Collection release compare with the ”Flashback Edition" from 2004? I thought the audio was identical for both releases, but the Criterion version offered a stronger transfer. Although the pair showed plenty of similarities, the Criterion DVD suffered from fewer source flaws. This wasn’t a tremendous step up in quality, but I did prefer the Criterion transfer.

Without question, the Criterion release greatly outdoes the “Flashback Edition” in terms of supplements. We didn’t get much from the 2004 disc, but the Criterion set includes plenty of nice components.

On DVD One, we open with an audio commentary from director Richard Linklater. He offers a running, screen-specific chat. Linklater mostly discusses influences and real-life inspirations for many of the film’s elements. In addition, he talks about cast and characters, the movie’s music, working with studio backing and dealing with their interference, and issues with corporate America. Linklater also chats about his desire to make a film that looks and feels like something from the 70s, the script and changes made to it, and the movie’s reception.

In short, Linklater touches on pretty much everything you’d want and expect. Consistently lively and energetic, he relates all the fun he had but also tells us of the many problems he experienced. Linklater really digs into the conflicts with the studio as well as all the rejections corporate entities issued. He even talks about a lawsuit inspired by the flick plus his “feud” with Robert Plant. This chatty commentary acts as a consistent delight.

In addition to the film’s trailer, Disc One features a collection of 17 deleted scenes. This collection expands on the nine cut sequences on the “Flashback Edition”. Taken together, the scenes fill 25 minutes and 29 seconds; that’s about 11 minutes more material than found on the prior disc. I believe all the earlier set’s scenes reappear here, but I don’t have that package anymore, so I’m not positive.

We see more exposition about the antagonism between the seniors and the rising freshmen, and there’s also a snippet that makes Benny look like a racist. There’s also some general chatter among various groups of girls as well as more at the movie-ending party. We watch the kids steal the statues they turn into KISS and also deal with the aftermath of that incident. Extra character moments take the focus, as these flesh out some smaller roles to a degree. Only the clip where Benny complains about Asians really needed to get the boot, as it changed the tone of the film. The rest of the stuff seems decent but probably was cut for time and redundancy.

As we move to DVD Two, we find Making Dazed, a 45-minute and 33-second documentary that premiered in 2005. It mixes archival elements, behind the scenes footage, and pieces from the film’s 2003 10-year cast and crew reunion. The new comments feature Linklater, producers James Jacks and Sean Daniel, casting director Don Phillips, and actors Matthew McConaughey, Parker Posey, Adam Goldberg, Ben Affleck, Anthony Rapp, Marissa Ribisi-Hansen, Jason London, Christin Hinojosa and Wiley Wiggins. We also see 1992 interview bits from Linklater and some of the actors.

The show looks at the genesis of Linklater’s story idea and how he got backing, the development of the script and battles with the studio, casting and characters. We also hear about the movie’s use of profanity, conflicts between Linklater and the producers, relationships among the actors and their activities during the shoot, production details and general notes. Finally, the piece covers post-production and test screenings, problems with distribution, the participants’ lives after the movie’s release, and the flick’s life as a cult classic.

Since Linklater covers so much during his commentary, it becomes inevitable that some redundant material appears here. Despite that, “Making” provides a solid overview of the movie. The extra participants expand our understanding of the various subjects and issues, and the whole thing moves at a brisk pace. “Making” tosses out lots of good details and turns into a fun, informative view of the flick.

Inside Auditions we get test footage for 12 actors. Viewed together via the “Play All” option, these take up 23 minutes. We find clips for Michelle Burke, Rory Cochrane, Adam Goldberg, Cole Hauser, Christin Hinojosa, Nicky Katt, Jason London, Deena Martin, Matthew McConaughey, Anthony Rapp, Marissa Ribisi, and Wiley Wiggins. These are all fun to see, especially since they show some of the actors as they try out for parts different than the ones they played. For instance, we watch Wiggins play Tony and London portray Mike. These are a nice addition to the product.

Under the banner of “Beer Bust at the Moon Tower”, we get a collection of elements. Character Interviews cover 13 of the movie’s roles., they fill 40 minutes and 10 seconds. Shot during the first week of rehearsals in 1992, these include the actors as they reflect on the roles they play. The respective performers discuss Sabrina, Don, Cynthia, Pink, Jodi, Mitch, Darla, Mike, O’Bannion, Benny, Tony, Ron and Shavonne. Actually, the “Don” and “Darla” segments feature the actors in character, while the others chat in a more third-person manner. These pieces offer a fascinating glimpse at the actors’ insights into their parts and are quite entertaining.

Cast and Director Interviews go for a total of 47 minutes and 20 seconds. These include Linklater, Posey, Affleck, Goldberg. Katt, Cochrane, Wiggins, Burke, Hinojosa, McConaughey, Phillips, and actors Catherine Morris and Christine Harnos. This batch of interviews comes almost entirely from the production period and often take place at interesting times. For instance, see Linklater the day before the start of principal photography, and we check in with Goldberg and Katt soon after they shot their fight sequence. While I like that we get a look at the film as a work in progress, the quality of the information isn’t exactly stellar. Despite the freshness of the takes, I don’t think we learn much in the way of useful details.

Finally, Behind-the-Scenes Footage runs 30 minutes and 16 seconds. We find rehearsals, driving practice, test shots of costume supervisor Isabelle Coulet in various outfits, publicity photo sessions, a glimpse of various drug-related props, clips from the different settings, some shots from the 10-year reunion, and more impromptu interviews from the set. Those last elements tend to be the least interesting. They’d make more sense back in the “Cast and Director Interviews” area, and they continue to lack much informative material.

I like the other pieces much more. The tour of the props is a lot of fun, and I enjoy the methods Coulet used to depict the various characters. These different components add up to a lot of good snippets from the flick’s creation.

This set also includes some paper materials. We get a replica of the movie’s poster and a 72-page book. The latter presents a chapter listing and a guide to the flick’s music, credits, and lots of photos. We also find essays from Film Comment’s Kent Jones, Jim DeRogatis of the Chicago Sun-Times, author Chuck Klosterman, and Texas Monthly writer John Spong. In addition, the book offers some notes Linklater had given to the cast and crew as well as “Profiles in Confusion”, surprisingly detailed biographies of 20 characters. The book features plenty of great insight and information and finishes the set on a high note.

Does the Criterion Dazed lose anything from the “Flashback Edition”? Yes, but not anything we’ll miss. It drops a fake anti-marijuana ad called “The Blunt Truth” and two “retro public service announcements”, none of which were very interesting. The new disc also omits some brief text production notes that discussed the film’s music. Given the plethora of information elsewhere in this set, those would be redundant.

Scads of movies have looked at the shenanigans of teenagers, so its focus doesn’t make Dazed and Confused special. What helps it stand out from the crowd? Its looseness, lack of artificial emphasis on plot, and its casual humor allow it to rise above the usual genre restrictions. The DVD presents pretty good picture and audio along with a stellar collection of extras.

I liked Dazed and think it merits my recommendation. The tricky question relates to whether the Criterion edition is worth its price. This set retails for almost $40, while the “Flashback Edition” sells for only $15. While the Criterion release offers slightly stronger visuals, the main reason to spend the extra money relates to the extras. If you dig excellent supplements, then the Criterion one warrants your money. Otherwise, you’ll likely feel satisfied with the cheaper release.

To rate this film visit the Flashback Edition review of DAZED AND CONFUSED

Review Archive:  # | A-C | D-F | G-I | J-L | M-O | P-R | S-U | V-Z | Viewer Ratings | Main